Online Child abuse is any type of child abuse that happens on the internet. It can happen across any device that’s connected to the web, like computers, tablets and mobiles phones. And it can happen anywhere online, including social media, text messages and messaging apps, emails, online chats, online gaming, and live-streaming sites. Online child abuse may be different types such as cyber bullying, emotional abuse, grooming, sexting, sexual abuse, sexual exploitation etc. It can have long-lasting effects on children which can lead to anxiety, self-harm, eating disorders and suicidal thoughts. As of the record of CIB in the year 2072-73, Cyber Crime Chart provides that there were 830 cases related to social networking, 5 cases of email threat, 3 cases related to hacking, 3 cases related to obscene website, 3 cases of web threat, 2 cases related to SMS lottery fraud, one case related to ATM and once case of phishing. (http://www.voiceofchildren.org.np/seco/about-us/)

The ECPAT Luxemburg in 2017 survey also reveals that 20 percent children have watched pornographic materials at least once. Out of them, 20 percent are girls. It also reveals the fact that out of total school going children, who use internet, 13.7 percent are the victims of online abuse. (State of Children in Nepal 2017)

According to the data of NTA, it has been found that the age group 12-18 yrs were using more internet. 94.7% students from private schools and 58.3% from public schools use the internet.(A STUDY ON THE INTERNET USE BY CHILDREN)

Online platforms are increasingly used to perpetrate domestic abuse. Online domestic abuse can include behaviors such as monitoring of social media profiles or emails, abuse over social media such as Facebook or Twitter, sharing intimate photos or videos without your consent, using GPs locators or spyware. Nowadays, online had become an accepted part of the daily life of a child. It’s a place for games, meeting friends, and learning many new things. While the online gives children greater access to the world, it also gives the world greater access to children. Wherever children are, there will also be people who want to make contact with them for sexual purposes, who will violate children’s integrity and commit serious acts of abuse. Such crimes are becoming more and more common and increasingly serious. Thus, CN works in areas such as awareness raising, and capacity building for protecting children from online and digital risks and abuse.