A. Background/Introduction

The Third Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure (OP3CRC) entered into force in April 2014. It enables children to apply their complaints on child rights violations to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child if the state law fails to respond adequately. Till now there are 51 signatories and 36 Parties to OP3CRC. With regards to South Asia, the Maldives is the only state that has signed the treaty but no state has ratified it to date. Due to a lack of appropriate legislation or poor law enforcement respectively, various Child right violations are prevalent in Nepal. In order to ensure a consequent compliance with the CRC the ratification of OP3CRC is indispensable. Up to present, the Government of Nepal rejects to ratify the third Optional Protocol, as it fears upcoming additional burden. This concern, however, results from a huge knowledge gap regarding the content of the OP3CRC and the consequences of ratification. CN has been incessantly working on comprehensive awareness and advocacy campaign on the OP3CRC. CN is also the only member of Ratify OP3CRC which is an International Coalition for the OPCRC on a Communications Procedure which facilitates the ratification of OP3CRC. CN has recently formed “Ratify OP3CRC Coalition Nepal” which works for lobbying and advocating for ratification of OP3CRC by the government of Nepal. CN's effort on advocacy and lobbying for ratification of OP3CRC more specifically from the following year:

2011: CN organized inter-ministerial interaction program on 21 December 2011, immediate after the adoption of OP3 CRC by UN General Assembly on 19 December 2011

2012-2013:

  • Translation of OP3CRC in Nepali language and wider dissemination
  • Interaction program with CSO's regard OP3CRC

2014: Issues for ratification of OP3CRC was raised in UN Committee on the Right of the Child in 69th pre sessional working group in Geneva Switzerland and in 2016 concluding observation stated it.

2015: Advocacy efforts remained continued in various ministries, NHRC and respective authorities and in several child rights institutions.

2016: CN organized one day national workshop on 20th November 2016 ratification of OP3CRC where representatives from government authorities, NHRC and civil society organizations had their participation. Some key results include:

  • Commitment from NHRC received to recommend Government of Nepal to sign and ratify the OP3CRC.
  • Government authorities expected systematic advocacy programs from civil society organizations on OP3CRC ratification and make it a common mission.

2017:Create a Network to Ratify OP3CRC Coalition

  • Regular interaction with political parties, ministries and the National Human Rights Commission
  • Publications related to Ratify OP3CRC Coalition
  • Interaction with Communication media
  • 2018:

  • Strategic plan for the ratify OP3CRC Coalition Nepal
  • Publications related to Ratify OP3CRC Coalition
  • Interaction with Communication media, political parties, govt. agencies
  • National workshop Of OP3CRC on the occasion of 10th Human rights national magnameet 2018
  • Submission of letter of activities done with the coordination and collaboration of NHRC
  • CN has been rigorously aiming to persuade the government of Nepal to ratify the OP3CRC in order to ensure a long-term fulfillment of the international obligations of the Government of Nepal on the rights of the Child. CN has formed “Ratify OP3CRC Coalition Nepal” on 17th August 2017, with various networks and Organizations with several prominent personals as advisors for the coalition who have been working on rights of the child and human rights in general and several developing partners as observer members.

    B. Ongoing TV Talk Show- Bal Bimarsha

    Episode.No. Activity Title Date Youtube Link
    25 Bal Bimarsha TV dialogue program Interview with Early Childhood Development Expert, Mrs. Minaxi Dahal 22-23 September 2019
    24 Bal Bimarsha TV dialogue program Interview with Secretary at Ministry of Women, Children and Senior Citizen, Mr.Chandra Kumar Ghimire 15-16 September 2019
    23 Bal Bimarsha TV dialogue program Interview with Young leader of Nepali Congress, Mr.Pradip Paudel 8-9 September 2019
    22 Bal Bimarsha TV dialogue program Interview with Senior Human Rights Activist, Dr.Renu Rajbhandari 1-2 September 2019
    21 Bal Bimarsha TV dialogue program Interview with Senior Human Rights Activist, Mr. Charan Prasai 25-26 August 2019
    20 Bal Bimarsha TV dialogue program Interview with Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Rt. Honorable Mr. Pradip Kumar Gyawali 18-19 August 2019
    19 Bal Bimarsha TV dialogue program Interview with Joint secretary at Human rights and international treaties agreement Division of the Prime Minister's Office, Hon. Mr. Kaushal Chandra Subedi 11-12 August 2019
    18 Bal Bimarsha TV dialogue program Interview with Chairperson of Nepal Teacher's Association, Mr. Baburam Thapa 4-5 August 2019
    17 Bal Bimarsha TV dialogue program Interview with Chairperson of NACG Nepal, Krishna Chandra Acharya 28-29 July 2019
    16 Bal Bimarsha TV dialogue program Immediate Impacts and Learning 21-22 July 2019
    15 Bal Bimarsha TV dialogue program Interview with Chairperson of NGO Federation of Nepal, Mr. Jitram Lama 14-15 July 2019
    14 Bal Bimarsha TV dialogue program Interview with Spokesperson of National Planning Commission, Dr. Kiran Rupakheti 7-8 July 2019
    13 Bal Bimarsha TV dialogue program Interview with Member of National Human Rights Commission,Hon'ble Mrs.Mohna Ansari 30 June-1 July 2019
    12 Bal Bimarsha TV dialogue program Interview with Senior Human Rights Activist, Prof. Mr. Kapil Shrestha 23-24 June 2019
    11 Bal Bimarsha TV dialogue program Interview with AATWIN, Chairperson, Mrs. Anjana Shakya 16-17 June 2019
    10 Bal Bimarsha TV dialogue program Interview with Senior Education Expert Prof. Dr.Bidhyanath Koirala . 9-10 June 2019
    9 Bal Bimarsha TV dialogue program Interview with Chairperson of Law, Justice and Human Rights Committee of the House of Representatives Hon. Mr. Krishna Bhakta Pokhrel. 2-3 June 2019
    8 Bal Bimarsha TV dialogue program Interview with Former Executive DIrector, CCWB and Child Rights Activist Mr. Tarak Dhital. 26-27 May 2019
    7 Bal Bimarsha TV dialogue program Interview with Member of National Planning Commission Hon'ble Mr. Min Bahadur Shahi . 19-20 May 2019
    6 Bal Bimarsha TV dialogue program Interview with Child Rights Activist, Mr. Milan Raj Dharel. 12-13 May 2019
    5 Bal Bimarsha TV dialogue program Interview with Leader of Nepali Congress, Mr. Ramesh Lekhak. 5-6 May 2019
    4 Bal Bimarsha TV dialogue program Interview with an advisor of foreign affairs of Prime Minister, Rt. Hon’ble Dr. Rajan Bhattarai.. 28- 29 April 2019
    3 Bal Bimarsha TV dialogue program Interview with Former Human Rights Commissioner and Child Rights Activist, Mr. Gauri Pardhan. 21-22 April 2019
    2 Bal Bimarsha TV dialogue program Interview with National Human Rights Commission, Chairperson Mr. Anup Raj Sharma.. 14-15 April 2019
    1 Bal Bimarsha TV dialogue program Interview with Ministry of Women, Children and Senior Citizen Rt. Hon’ble Mrs. Tham Maya Thapa.. 7- 8 April 2019

    C. Activities Accomplished

    S.N. Activity Title Date Report
    1 Report of Mock session on The Third Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure (OP3CRC) with Children 19 January 2019
    2 Report of planning workshop of Ratify The Third Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure (OP3CRC) Coalition Nepal  11-12 January 2019 
    3 Strategic Plan 2019-2022 Ratify The Third Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure (OP3CRC) Coalition Nepal
    4 Report of National workshop on The Third Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure (OP3CRC) 11 December 2018 
    5 Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure booklet(English/Nepali) 2017 
    6 National level Workshop on The Third Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure (OP3CRC) 20 November 2016 
    7 The Third Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure Flyer (Nepali) 2016 
    8 UNCRC Optional Protocol on Communications Procedure (Nepali translation) 2013 

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